How to build a do-it-yourself bull barn

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How to build a do-it-yourself bull barn Breeding cattle is a laborious and costly process. The quality of life and productivity of cattle depends on many factors – the right

How to build a do-it-yourself bull barn

Breeding cattle is a labor-intensive and costly process. The quality of life and productivity of cattle depends on many factors – proper nutrition, comfort of keeping and care. Despite the fact that cattle are not distinguished by cleanliness, they need to provide comfortable housing. A barn for bulls and cows must comply with all norms and standards for keeping cattle. Today we will tell you from what and how you can make such a building.

Preparation for construction

Before embarking on such a grandiose construction, it is necessary to design future housing and draw up an estimate. A competently and correctly drawn up project is necessary so that the farm building for keeping livestock is strong, durable and does not require major repairs and alterations in the future.

The calculation and layout of the structure is made taking into account the number of heads that will be settled in it. As a building material, farmers use different materials, depending on the region where cattle are kept, weather and climatic conditions.

In our case, it will be a barn not only for summer, but also for winter cattle.

For one bull, an area of ​​​​6 m2 will be required, for a cow with a calf, a stall of 10 m2 will be required. Young animals require less space. The area of ​​the stall with the calf should be 7-8 m2. For calves aged from a week to six months, you can use a common room, at the rate of 7 m2 per individual. Then each stall is divided by partitions so that the grown cattle stand in the ranks.

Each stall in the bull barn must be divided by partitions. The optimal dimensions of one place are 1.2×2.6 m.

The height of the barn for bulls and cows is at least 2 m.

Construction stages

The process of erecting a facility for keeping bulls and cows consists of several stages. Consider step by step how to build a barn for bulls.

Foundation

In any structure, laying the foundation is a top priority. A solid and high-quality base for a cattle shed will be the key to the durability of the future home. There are three ways to build a foundation:

The choice of one or another method of building the foundation depends on the type of soil on which the building will stand. The second factor that determines how the foundation is built is the number of cattle that are planned to be populated. After all, the more bulls there are in the barn, the greater the load on the foundation of the structure. An important factor is the material from which you plan to build a barn.

The first method of building a foundation is economical, simple and fast.But it is not designed for a large load, therefore, it cannot be used to keep a large number of bulls. The columnar method is ideal for sheds built of wood.

A monolithic foundation requires large financial and labor costs. For its construction will require special equipment. This bull barn base is strong and durable.

The most optimal and versatile option is the tape method of building a foundation.

When laying the foundation for a livestock shed with your own hands, it is important to provide it with high-quality waterproofing. You can use sand or gravel as a waterproofing layer.

According to experienced farmers, it is not rational to use wooden flooring. This floor will not last long. Under the weight of the cattle, the tree will sag, then rot and deteriorate.

How to make durable flooring? The ideal option is pouring from cement. Such a strong and durable canvas will not absorb unpleasant odors. In addition, the cement floor will be able to withstand any weight of cattle, regardless of the number of livestock.

The concrete floor is cold. Therefore, it is advisable to install removable wood shields on top of it. If necessary, ventilation can be easily removed.

For the convenience of cleaning the barn, the laying of the floors is done at an angle (the angle of inclination is about 5%). This is necessary so that the feces of animals flow in one direction.

Walls

They can be made both wooden and brick. For a herd of no more than twenty heads, wood is suitable as a building material. If you are planning to acquire a large farm, it is better to use brick for laying walls.

Many build walls from foam blocks. This is a great alternative to brick. Such material is cheaper, and it is easy and convenient to work with it.

In the process of building walls, it is important to take care of ventilation. Small holes in the walls are placed at a height of 2 meters from the floor. With the onset of cold weather, the holes are covered.

The walls are equipped with windows at a height of 1.2 m from the flooring. It is important that the windows open. In this way, you can always provide your pets with fresh air and good ventilation.

Roof

Slate can be used as a roofing material. This material has an acceptable cost and a long service life. If you want to make your own bull barn warm enough, you need to build the roof in two rows. Make a barn with an attic. In such a room it will always be warm. Plus, the attic can be used to store household equipment.

What to equip

The barn must be equipped with feeders, drinkers in a place accessible to cattle. Usually they are installed on the outside of the stall.

You can make a manger for food with your own hands from boards.First, the building material is polished to eliminate the risk of injury to the bulls. Then they begin directly to the manufacture of feeders.

The optimal height of the sides is 70 cm. The height of the side towards the stall should be lower than the outer side (about 40 cm). So the animal can easily get feeding. The width of the feeder is 40 cm, the distance between the sides on top is 60 cm.

We equip the drinker and feeder at a height of 10 cm from the floor. Many farmers use automatic drinkers. Their convenience lies in the fact that cattle always has access to clean and fresh water. The arrangement of the drinker is carried out in a remote place from the feeder.

Conclusion

As you can see, the construction of such a structure as a barn for bulls is not much difficult. All that is required of you is the definition of the dimensions of the trigger, its competent design and compilation of estimates. According to the same technology, you can build a barn for a cow with your own hands.

Any animal requires not only feed, water, but also special conditions for content. Bulls in this regard are noticeably more complicated than cats or dogs, of course. Everyone who is going to grow them must carefully prepare, take into account the slightest nuances.

Requirements

The corns for bulls are about the same as housing for humans, even more. They themselves cannot take care of themselves properly. Everything lies on the shoulders and heads of the owners, everything needs to be foreseen and thought out, carefully fulfill the basic norms. In a dedicated home, he will spend the least 10 hours out of 24 every day.

In the cold season, sometimes animals are there around the clock, or only rare exits are made.

When preparing stall facilities, you need to focus on your own material capabilities, an affordable area. However, there are also standard technical requirements.

These include:

  • the safety of the animals themselves, their owners and other people;
  • high -quality cattle fixation in various works;
  • unhindered access to water and feed, but at the same time the opportunity to stop feeding and posting;
  • the opportunity for each bull to get up and lie down, go out and enter;
  • Reducing to a possible minimum of quantity and duration.

Even in the worst weather, you need to try to remove cattle outward. To minimize the harmful effects of meteorological conditions, it is necessary to prepare a corral for walking. It is recommended to make it in the form of a site with at least 500 m2. Such a platform should hide behind a deaf canopy from above and partitions from the sides. The fence is designed to exclude arbitrary departure of bulls; boards or bars are used to build barriers.

Plan with dimensions

Let you need to plan a convenient barn for bulls for 10 goals (for the convenience of calculation). Speaking of size, you should start not with the buildings themselves, but with how much they should be removed from other objects.

It is recommended that the distance to a residential building and to a well or standpipe, to ponds, lakes, streams and rivers be 20 meters. Only in case of urgent need can this distance be reduced to 15 meters.

If possible, bring the barn closer to gardens and orchards – then you will have to carry less manure and it will be easier to saturate the soil with natural fertilizer.

Standard sizes are 110-120 cm in width and 170-210 cm in length if you plan to keep an adult bull. For your information: for a fully developed cow, the standards are the same. Oddly enough, for young bulls, the requirements are noticeably tougher. They need a width of at least 125 and a length of at least 140 cm. Although, if you think about it, it becomes clear that it's all about increased physical activity.

Double-sided sections are equipped with passages, the width of which is usually 1.5 m. The usual height of buildings is not lower than 250 cm. But if they are made 300 cm high or even a little more, this will not cause any negative consequences. It should be borne in mind that the feeders must be separated from the stalls. If the vapors escaping from the bull's nostrils begin to condense on the feed, they will rot constantly.

Stages of construction work

Floor and ceiling

To build a floor and ceiling with your own hands means to do perhaps the most important part of the work. Everyone who has ever seen livestock knows that it constantly serves as a source of solid and liquid dirt in various forms. As soon as this dirt accumulates, normal development is immediately suppressed, meat productivity and endurance fall. Pets become lethargic, prone to various kinds of ailments, including those of infectious origin. Each outbreak of such diseases hits both the reputation of the owners and their wallets, disorganizes the cultivation of animals.

Therefore, care must be taken that no pollution of any kind lingers on the floor. In this regard, careful selection of materials is extremely important. Many of them are able to absorb liquid or become covered with hard-to-remove stains. What can we say about those products that are easily saturated with smells. There are enough of them in the barn without that.

The floor covering is mounted 100 mm above the ground, trying to make it completely waterproof. The recommended slope level for drains is 30 mm, but it is also important that it is not recommended to exceed this figure, even if it is obvious that the number of drains will be quite large. The risk to the health of the animals themselves when the floor is too steep makes such considerations to be ignored, it is better to work a little more.

Over the centuries that man has devoted to cattle breeding, many options for the execution of the floor have been proposed. However, one of the best types is a combination of clay and wood. In most cases, they are limited to driving boards into a layer of clay. This solution allows you to perfectly remove manure and guarantee a long service life. It is not always possible to apply such an approach.

Then you need to consider an alternative way – laying out wooden shields. Their advantage is that it is possible without violating the integrity of the base to remove the shields and clean them, and then return to place it is important: covering the floor with concrete is 100% unacceptable. It looks practical, but too high hardness is a threat to hooves. In addition, the concrete layer passes heat.

But even the best solutions help little when you have a lot of animals. In such cases, you need to equip the floors with special collections of liquid manure. The reservoir should be very significant, its minimum width is 120 cm. A special gutter is formed in the tank to enter the fluid.

Usually it is built in the farthest part of the stall from the entrance (since there is the most, and it is very difficult to remove it).

It is impossible to limit yourself to a pure floor. Even the best boards and clay, if the premises for bulls are delivered in the warm regions of the country, do not cope with thermal insulation completely. It is necessary to prepare a special litter.

To obtain it, they can be used:

The thickness of the protective layer is always approximately 300 mm. Among the options, the sawdust is in the first place. They get water perfectly and do not cause damage to livestock. Subsequent cleaning is not particularly difficult. When choosing an option, one must immediately give preference to one that is easier to maintain in a dry state.

Foundation, walls and roof

Professionals believe that in terms of technical properties, the foundations of a monolithic type are preferable. There are no equal rivals in strength and stability. However, its use costs quite a lot of money. Therefore, in practice, an inextricable base is prepared only for brick walls.

If the construction is made of wood or even on the basis of a metal frame, the bearing capacity of the monolith is redundant.

Wanting to save money, reduce the complexity of work, it is necessary to fill the poles. A similar base is formed quickly. If the load is large, the design will not withstand it. Therefore, pillars are used when it is planned to contain a small number of bulls in a wooden stable. So, most often they use a compromise option – pouring tape according to classical technology.

Regardless of the type of foundation, waterproofing is required. What kind of material to make it depends on personal preferences, there is no special practical difference between them. As for the walls, there is one subtlety.

Wooden stable is made only for 8-10 heads of cattle maximum. In addition, the disadvantage of the tree is a very fast degradation.

It is possible to get away from this problem without faced with expensive bricks through the use of foam concrete and aerated concrete. When forming walls, from any material, you still need to take care of ventilation.The holes for it should have a small value, which is sufficient to maintain the optimal thermal regime. In the winter, ventilation ducts will have to be blocked. Therefore, they must be made from the very beginning so that the service is easier.

Like already a characterized floor, the roof in the premises for the maintenance of bulls should be impenetrable for water. The slightest rain drop or snow that melts will negatively affect the state of cattle. Most cowsheds and tricks for bulls are covered with slate. It will last a long time and stands relatively cheap. When the attic is not created, the roof is thoroughly insulated from the inside.

Windows and doors

The minimum glazing area is 1 square. m. for every 10 square meters. m. area of ​​the barn. Mounting very expensive and exclusive double -glazed windows, of course, is inappropriate. However, it is quite rational to use well -insulated double constructions.

Any room where animals are contained should have two doors. They are placed in opposite sides to facilitate evacuation in case of fire and other extreme situations.

Carrying out communications

In tied stalls, you cannot do without high -quality lighting, because in winter a short daylight day is poorly reflected on bulls. And therefore it is required to perform electrical wiring according to all the rules. Most often use LED lamps as the most economical devices. It is recommended to mount them on the walls and ceilings where the animals are guaranteed not to be obtained. In this case, it is necessary to take into account the convenience of maintenance.

Any stall is necessarily equipped with drinkers and feeders. To bring water pipes to these places is quite justified, since it is there that a lot of dirt gathers. It is useful to provide a hose connection with which you can water and wash the stable. If possible, it is necessary to connect the corral to the central sewer. After all, even if all the manure is collected, you still need to drain the water somewhere after washing the bulls and the floor on which they stand.

Internal arrangement

When preparing a stall (corral), attention is paid not to one width of the structure, but also to its other sizes, as it might seem. It is very important to choose materials that will help guarantee the safety and calm of animals. It is impossible to ignore the fact that tied and unnoticed content requires rather different approaches. When the room is prepared for the attached place of bulls in a small amount, you can use boards and pipes.

Occasionally in such cases, brick is used. Be sure to place the animals with the muzzle to the feeder and tail to the drain. But even with this device, it is necessary to take into account the specifics of breeding various breeds. The binding technique implies that the stall is the main platform for the life of bulls. As a result, the requirements for its quality are significantly increased.

The most favorable option is a stall with a width of 1.2 m. If necessary, it is easy to reprofile such a corral for other animals or change the breed. One row contains up to fifty stalls. They are placed so that the forehead looks in the forehead, and the tail approaches the tail. Unlike a barn in the proper sense of the word, for bulls you need to form a rather strong design, equipping it with a stable position to consolidate a shortened leash.

Otherwise, a stall looks for the improving content of adults and young bulls. Since in this embodiment it is necessary mainly for the rest of the animals, for the most part they lie there. It is enough to form a well -fenced territory, which is selected in accordance with the size of animals. If the stall is located close to the wall, its length should be at least 3 meters.

Too short territory contributes to the continuous pollution of the most susceptible to pollution of the organs of the animal.

Often, corns for bulls contained without leafing are made sliding, which allows you to adjust the value. The width changes when the side pipes move. To influence the length, you need to manipulate the beam. The disadvantage of such a solution is that it is impossible to build a suitable stall of steel pipes without the use of welding. Obviously, this requires special equipment and special skills.

Watch how to build a barn with your own hands, watch in the next video.

Sarai for bulls is planned taking into account the number of livestock. Additionally, the characteristic features of the breed, a number of other nuances are taken into account. In order to independently erect the outbuilding, you must have minimal building skills, but first you need to clearly learn the requirements for the barn.

Sarayu requirements for cattle

Sarai for bulls is the same as a house for a person. Everything should be thought out here: walls, floor, ceiling, internal arrangement. Animals spend at least 10 hours a day inside. In winter, cows here are almost around the clock. So that the cattle does not experience discomfort, a number of important requirements are imposed on the barn:

  • ensuring complete safety of animals and people who perform care;
  • reliable fixation of cattle when performing service work;
  • free access to drink and food, the presence of devices for a sharp stop of feeding;
  • the presence of free space so that the animal can lie, stand, freely enter and go out;
  • Internal arrangement should be thought out so that in the future it will reduce the number and time of servicing work.

It is useful to remove bulls from the barn even in the cold season. In order to ensure the comfort of walking, you need to take care of the corral. Near the barn, equipped with a fenced platform. The size depends on the number of livestock. On top of the corral is covered with a canopy, placed deaf side partitions.

How to build a barn for cattle with your own hands

Having decided on the construction of the barn to the bulls, it is necessary to take into account the features of the agricultural structure. In addition to adults, the barn will contain calves, and they are more whimsical. For the cold season, it will be necessary to build individual houses. The easiest option is to fold them from straw bales. Inside the house, the calf will be warm, dry, comfortable.

The modern type of housing for young animals is a plastic box. The house is made of a durable polymer, washed well from dirt, can be treated with disinfectants. Two people can freely transfer the light boxing on the barn, put in the right place. The house is equipped with a doorway. There is a dispenser of dry feed, a department for hay. Under the boxing dome, heat is perfectly preserved. The calf feels comfort.

Building a barn for the maintenance of cows, it is important to foresee which cattle breeds will be contained here in the future. Animals of each species are distinguished by dimensions. A stationary barn from blocks or other material is considered reliable. If we talk about practicality, then a sliding barn comes first here. The structure is erected from shields. Boards, metal pipes, profile, wooden beam are the material of the manufacture of sliding shed. In the future, if necessary, such a shed can be quickly disassembled and assembled to change the size.

Inside the barn will contain bulls and heifers of different ages. Each animal will need a stall. Young animals are taken less than a meter, and an adult animal is more space. The size of the stall should provide a free stay of bulls and cows. The animal is allotted exactly so much space that it is enough to go to bed, turn around freely, go to the feeder, a drinking bag. The width of the stall should be enough for a person to freely approach the cow, carry out milking.

However, it is impossible to strongly overestimate the size of free space. In addition to not saving the place inside the barn, the problem of unsanitary conditions arises. In a too wide stall, bulls feel free. Freely get food from the feeder, scatter it on the floor. The problem of rapid pollution of the litter arises.

The video has more information about the sheds for keeping bulls:

Creating a plan

For the construction of the barn, you will need to develop a plan, create a drawing with dimensions. The scheme begins to pour when they are already determined with the number of bulls contained.

When they are going to erect a shed for calves and adult bulls, except for drawing up drawings, in terms of the location of the outbuilding in the private yard is taken into account. It is optimal to remove the barn 20 m from residential buildings, water sources, and other vital objects. If it is impossible to fulfill the requirement due to restriction of the territory, the distance is reduced to 15 m.

When the issue is resolved with the place of construction of the barn, they return to drawing up drawings.Determining the size of the barn, a plot of 1.1-1.2 m wide, 1.7-2.1 m long, with a width of 1.1-1.1 m. The requirements differ, which is associated with their active mobility. The site is diverted 1.25 m wide, from 1.4 m long.

During calculations of the size of the stall, the feeders are taken into account. They must be removed from bulls. The pairs leaving the nostrils with a close arrangement of the feeder will fall on the feed. He will quickly dare, cover with mold.

The height of the ceiling of the barn is equipped with a standard of 2.5 m. Bulls and maintenance personnel of this parameter are enough. If the barn turned out to be 3 m high, there is nothing wrong. Worse, if the ceilings of the barn are too low. Discomfort is created to bulls and maintenance personnel: movement is limited, inside the barn increases the accumulation of dampness, harmful gases.

Knowing how much area is needed by one bull, they multiply the value by the amount of the number of contained livestock. The result will display the total size of the barn, but without a corral for walking. If the content of a large number of bulls is supposed, double -sided stalls are equipped inside the barn. Between the rows of sections, a free path is left for at least 1.5 m wide. It is advisable to make a through passage in the barn, installing the doors in the end of the building.

Necessary tools and building materials

Sarai bulls are more often erected from those materials that are available to the owner. A tree is considered a good option. The material is available, inexpensive, has good thermal insulation properties. Inside the wooden barn, the bulls will be warm and comfortable. If there are blocks, brick, then this material can be used to build walls. The roof of the sheds is usually erected from inexpensive materials. Suitable slate, roofing material, corrugated board.

The tool for the construction of the barn is selected taking into account the selected building material. In any case, you will need:

If you build stone walls for the barn, pour a strip foundation, it is advisable to have a concrete mixer. It is very difficult to pound a large amount of solution.

Construction works

The process of building a barn for the maintenance of bulls consists of several stages, each of which provides for the construction of a certain part of the building: the foundation, floor, walls, roof, ceiling. The last step is the internal arrangement of the barn.

The construction of the barn begins with the foundation. It depends on its strength, how long it will simple -up for the construction of bulls. Sarai usually put on a strip or columnar base. It is important to consider that the bulls create an additional large load on the foundation. If the barn is erected by a wooden bull, then a sufficiently columnar base. According to the name, it is clear that the foundation consists of separate concrete pillars installed at a certain distance around the perimeter of the future barn.

Large sheds, where the content of the flock of bulls is supposed, is also built with stone walls on the strip foundation.A trench is dug under a monolithic base, the walls are covered with roofing material. The formwork is installed around the perimeter. Inside the trench, a reinforcing frame is connected from the rods. Bill of concrete is carried out in layers. It is advisable to do the work in a day, otherwise it will not work a monolithic base.

The depth of the barrier of the barn is laid below the ground freezing point of the soil. If the soil on the site is floodplain, additional measures are being taken to strengthen. Sometimes, for complex areas, the strip foundation is combined with a columnar base, pour thick layers of pillow of crushed stone with sand.

The floor in the barn is durable. Bulls create an impressive load with their weight. The boards quickly become unusable. The wood wears out from the hooves. Rawness negatively affects. Wanted boards begin to break through the weight of bulls. In addition, the wood is filled with the smells of manure.

Ideal strength provides concrete floor. The coating is resistant to damp, withstands a large weight of bulls, does not absorb the smells of manure. The disadvantage is that concrete is cold. Bulls will be cold, hurt.

It is optimal in the barn to make bulls a combined floor. The base is poured with concrete. Removable wooden shields are laid on top. If necessary, they are taken out into the street, cleaned, disinfected, dried. Additional heat to bulls provides a litter of hay or straw on the floor.

The walls of the barn for a small herd of bulls are erected from wood. For such a building, a frame is assembled from a beam, put it on a columnar foundation, and sheathed with a board. If the content of a large herd of bulls from 20 goals is supposed, then a brick or blocks are chosen for the construction of the walls of the barn.

In the walls, small ventilation purges are equipped at a height of 2.5 m from the floorboards. Ventilation in the summer provides an influx of fresh air. In winter, the squirrels of the barn are closed to save heat. For ventilation, air ducts with adjustable damper are installed.

On the walls with an indentation of 1.2 m from the floor, windows are installed. They provide daily lighting of the barn. It is advisable to equip the cowshed windows with windows to perform ventilation.

The roof is placed plain or gable. The first option is simpler, but not practical. The gable roof of the barn forms the attic. Due to the additional closed space, heat is better inside the barn. The attic is used to store hay, working inventory.

The frame of the roof of the barn is a rafter system. Waterproofing and roofing are laid on a crate. A single -sided canopy is launched from the roof, covering the entire area of ​​the corral for walking.

Internal arrangement of the barn

The arrangement of the barn begins with the installation of the corral to each bull. The design is made of durable materials. Usually use metal or put concrete partitions.A feeder and a drinker are hung on the outer wall of the stall. They will be available to animals and owners for maintenance.

Homemade feeders are made in the form of boxes with a height of opposite sides of 30 and 75 cm. The low part is located towards the stall. The animal will freely get food, but not throw it over the high opposite side.

Feeders and drinkers are not placed on the floor. It is optimal to raise them about 10 cm from the flooring. The best option is an automatic drinker with an uninterrupted water supply. It can be installed even in the far corner of the stall.

Conclusion

The barn for bulls, if necessary, can be converted to contain other animals or poultry. Only the internal arrangement of the barn is changed, and the building itself continues to fulfill its functional duties.

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